Blood Sugar Levels
In additional to healthy eating and medication management, diabetics have the ability to prevent many complications by properly managing their blood sugar link to monitoring blood sugar.
To better understand blood sugar management or if you need help to improve your blood sugar numbers, enroll in our educational diabetes program
How to Check Your Blood Sugar and What it Means
1. Wash and dry your hands.
2. Let your arm hang for 30 seconds to allow blood to flow to your fingertips.
3. Rest your hand on a flat surface with your palm up.
4. Prick the side of your fingertip with the lancet. (There are fewer nerves on the side and it may not hurt as much.)
5. Gently massage your fingertip, above the prick point, until a large drop of blood appears.
6. Carefully follow the instructions for applying the blood sample to the sensor or test strip. (Timing and the amount of blood sample may differ depending on the type of monitor.)
7. Safely throw away the lancet in a tightly closed container.
8. Write down the results in your log.
High Blood Sugar Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar) Symptoms
• Extreme hunger or thirst
• Need to urinate often
• Feeling drowsy
• Blurred vision
• Dry or itchy skin
• Slow-healing cuts or sores or frequent infections
Causes of High Blood Sugar (240 mg/dL or higher)
• Eating more than usual
• Eating foods high in sugar (glucose)
• Less activity than usual
• Taking certain medications link to medication
• Not taking enough diabetes medication link to medication
Treating High Blood Sugar
• Drink sugar-free liquids (water, diet soda) if your doctor hasn't restricted your fluids
• Test your blood sugar every four hours
• Call your doctor if you feel the same or are getting worse
Low Blood Sugar Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) Symptoms
• Fast heartbeat
• Irritability or anxiety
The symptoms of low blood sugar can come on suddenly.
Causes of Low Blood Sugar (70 mg/dL or lower)
• Taking too much diabetes medication link to medication or taking it at the wrong time
• Eating less than usual or delaying or skipping a meal
• Increased activity or activity without eating
• Drinking alcohol or taking drugs
Treating Low Blood Sugar
Test your blood sugar and if it is less than 70 mg/dL, eat or drink 15 grams of one of the following:
• Three to four glucose tablets
• Four ounces of juice or regular pop
• Five to six hard candies
After 15 minutes, check your blood sugar again. If it's still low, follow the 15:15 rule again.
The 15:15 Rule for Low Blood Sugar
• Eat or drink 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate
• After 15 minutes, check your blood sugar again
• If your blood sugar is still low, repeat the rule of 15
• Call your doctor if you get two or more low blood sugar readings in a week or for any reading under 50 mg/dL