Blood Sugar Levels

Your diabetes lifestyle goals go beyond just eating healthy and managing your medications. There are other factors to take into consideration when it comes to preventing diabetes complications, such as properly managing your blood sugar. Our educational diabetes program will equip you with the information you need to better understand blood sugar management and improve your blood sugar numbers. So you can rest assured knowing you’re taking all the steps you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

How to Check Your Blood Sugar and What it Means

  • Wash and dry your hands.
  • Let your arm hang for 30 seconds to allow blood to flow to your fingertips.
  • Rest your hand on a flat surface with your palm up.
  • Prick the side of your fingertip with the lancet. (There are fewer nerves on the side and it may not hurt as much.)
  • Gently massage your fingertip, above the prick point, until a large drop of blood appears.
  • Carefully follow the instructions for applying the blood sample to the sensor or test strip. (Timing and the amount of blood sample may differ depending on the type of monitor.)
  • Safely throw away the lancet in a tightly closed container.
  • Write down the results in your log.

High Blood Sugar Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar) Symptoms

  • Blurred vision
  • Dry or itchy skin
  • Extreme hunger or thirst
  • Feeling drowsy
  • Nausea
  • Need to urinate often
  • Slow-healing cuts or sores or frequent infections

Causes of High Blood Sugar (240 mg/dL or higher)

  • Eating more than usual
  • Eating foods high in sugar (glucose)
  • Illness
  • Less activity than usual
  • Not taking enough diabetes medication link to medication
  • Stress
  • Taking certain medications link to medication

Treating High Blood Sugar

  • Drink sugar-free liquids (water, diet soda) if your doctor hasn't restricted your fluids
  • Test your blood sugar every four hours
  • Call your doctor if you feel the same or are getting worse

Low Blood Sugar Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) Symptoms

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Hunger
  • Headache
  • Irritability or anxiety
  • Shaking
  • Sweating

*The symptoms of low blood sugar can come on suddenly.

Causes of Low Blood Sugar (70 mg/dL or lower)

  • Drinking alcohol or taking drugs
  • Eating less than usual or delaying or skipping a meal
  • Increased activity or activity without eating
  • Taking too much diabetes medication or taking it at the wrong time

Treating Low Blood Sugar
Test your blood sugar and if it is less than 70 mg/dL, eat or drink 15 grams of one of the following:

  • Three to four glucose tablets
  • Four ounces of juice or regular pop
  • Five to six hard candies

After 15 minutes, check your blood sugar again. If it's still low, follow the 15:15 rule again.

  • The 15:15 Rule for Low Blood Sugar
    • Eat or drink 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate
    • After 15 minutes, check your blood sugar again
    • If your blood sugar is still low, repeat the rule of 15
  • Call your doctor if you get two or more low blood sugar readings in a week or for any reading under 50 mg/dL